Thursday, July 24, 2014

Visiting progressive farmers and children’s learning centre on sustainable agriculture in Thailand

The third day of SATNET intraregional visit for smallholder value chain actors in Thailand included visits to farms of two progressive farmers in Nakhonpathom province. The first farmer is cultivating vegetables using sustainable practices and aims to achieve organic certification soon. The participants learned about vegetable cultivation, production of liquid bio-fertilizer, vermicomposting, preparation and application of Bacillus Thuringiensis (Bt) and Neem-based products as biopesticides, as well as innovative irrigation methods. The visitors benefited from detailed explanation specific to various processes. They also visited a local farmer community learning centre, which is actively promoting sustainable agriculture.

The second visiting site – Sufficiency Economy for Life School – is a learning centre for children from underprivileged background and the neighbouring farming community to become more aware about sustainable agriculture. The centre is developing and disseminating innovative practices that are simple and low cost, while at the same time sustainability- and productivity-enhancing. Examples include vegetable production and sprouting, grafting, insect traps, zero energy cold storage, vermicomposting, frog rearing, and liquid bio-fertilizer production. The site is also generating biogas and half of its electricity requirements are met through solar power. The participants observed the techniques and practices with enthusiasm and learned about how they are packaged to better appeal to students and youth. 

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Participants in SATNET’s field visits in Thailand learn about vegetables, bio-control of pests and post-harvest techniques

On the morning of the second day of SATNET intraregional visit for smallholder value chain actors in Thailand, participants visited the demonstration plots of AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center at the Kamphaeng Saen Campus of Kasetsart University.  They were welcomed by the Acting Regional Director and had an opportunity to learn about various varieties of vegetables as well as their production techniques.

They also visited the Postharvest Technology Centre at the same campus. Research staff explained about the Centre’s work and its research services. An in-depth practical session on assessing the shelf life of fruits and vegetables followed this introduction. Participants conducted simple experiments to determine the respiration rate of these products. A visit to various labs and research facilities of the Centre was also conducted to demonstrate preservation techniques for produce such as chilli, coconut, pomello, guava and flowers (e.g. lotus). The Centre’s staff shared numerous tips and suggestions for the benefit of the participants.

In the afternoon, the participants visited the Pest Management Centre in Suphanburi province. The Centre is working to promote biological control of pests as an alternative to using toxic chemical pesticides in the Western region of Thailand. The staff of the centre gave a comprehensive and step-by-step demonstration of processes for production of Trichogramma, rearing of farmer-friendly insects (parasitoids) such as Earwig and Green Lacewing, and multiplication of Trichoderma (a beneficial fungi). These sessions were highly interactive and interesting for participants, some of whom also began to explore plans to implement these techniques in their home countries.  

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Breaking language and cultural barriers on the first day of SATNET’s field visit in Thailand

The first SATNET intraregional visit for smallholder value chain actors commenced in Thailand on Monday, 21 July 2014. Over the next four days, 20 participants from Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), Indonesia and Myanmar comprising of lead farmers, grassroots civil society representatives, and government officials – many of whom are travelling outside their home countries for the first time – will get an opportunity to visit research centres and farmers' fields to observe best practices in crop production technologies, integrated pest management (IPM) and post-harvest and marketing. The objective is to enable them to support the dissemination and adoption of these practices in their own communities.

The first activity on the opening day was a visit to the Department of Agricultural Extension of Thailand’s Head Office in Bangkok, where the Director of the Biological Control Promotion Group welcomed the visitors, and presented the work of the Department. The most interesting part was the sharing of valuable knowledge and practical experience from Thailand in relation to good practices such as farmer field schools, lessons learned, and success factors in working with farmers. The participants asked lots of questions about specific pests and technologies to control them.

In the afternoon, the group visited the farm of Mr. Krow, a progressive farmer growing vegetables and lemons as per Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) standards in Sai-noi district of Nonthaburi province. His farming activities are well integrated with waste management – waste from one process serving as input into another. The products are of high quality and sold to chains such as Seven Eleven as well as exported to Singapore. The visitors got a hands-on opportunity to see innovative practices in organic vegetable production, lemon cultivation, vermicomposting and production of liquid bio-fertilizer. There was an air of excitement as participants saw new techniques and had in-depth discussions to compare them with what they do back home.

Although the participants came from diverse communities and contexts, it was heartening to see barriers of language and cultures crashing down with all of them interacting in an atmosphere of friendship and shared learning.  An enriching day for everyone!

Thursday, June 26, 2014

Socio-economic field study on the sustainability of Jeevatu in Nepal

Sarah Crestin-Billet (junior consultant for the Food Security Center, University of Hohenheim) has recently completed a short-term field mission in Nepal to investigate “Jeevatu”. Jeevatu is an organic microbial inoculant developed and promoted by the Nepalese Farming Institute (NFI). It aims to prevent and control pests and diseases (bacterial, viral, fungal, etc.) of vegetables, cereals, flowers and fruit trees and to improve the growth of the plant, the yield and the quality of the fruits (vitamin content, peel thickness).

Jeevatu liquid manure is prepared on-farm
Produced by the Nepalese Natural Bio-products Pvt. Ltd (NNB) under the supervision of the Nepalese Farming Institute (NFI), Jeevatu is composed of beneficial microorganisms which are sourced in Nepal’s natural environment and combined together. According to the principles of Effective Microorganisms (EM) and biological control, beneficial microorganisms contained in Jeevatu are supposed to enhance the soil’s activities, facilitate the plant’s nutrients uptake and auto-immune capacity. Jeevatu can be mixed and fermented with some organic matters (compost, urine) and water or directly applied on crops and compost.

Compost treated with Jeevatu
Interviews among adopters and dis-adopters in the Terai and Middle Hill regions showed ambiguous results. Some farmers were fully satisfied and had largely diminished their production costs, improved their environment and income. But others didn’t manage to control pests, soil-borne and foliar diseases with Jeevatu. They also questioned the effectiveness of Jeevatu to improve the soil fertility, plant health, crop yield and fruit quality and preferred using self-made organic products or purchased chemicals. Barriers to its adoption comprised the unavailability of Jeevatu in remote local markets and difficulties in organic matter supply, as well as some inconvenience to use it.

Additional interviews with NFI’s staff and external experts, as well as the review of scientific publications provided additional information about the advantages and risks of using Jeevatu. A complete report on the study providing more detailed results will be available shortly.